There are 4 cities with a population over one hundred,000 and four cities of over 30,000 people. The gross regional product is concentrated within the three largest counties – Vilnius, Kaunas, and Klaipėda.
The nation can also be drained by numerous rivers, most notably the longest Nemunas. Lithuania experienced a drought in 2002, causing forest and peat bog fires. The nation suffered along with the rest of Northwestern Europe throughout a heat wave in the summertime of 2006. Lithuania’s climate, which ranges between maritime and continental, is relatively gentle. Average temperatures on the coast are −2.5 °C (27.5 °F) in January and sixteen °C (sixty one °F) in July.
Nearly 20,000 Lithuanians have immigrated to the United States because the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. A 2004 analysis of mtDNA in a Lithuanian inhabitants revealed that Lithuanians are close to both Indo-European and Uralic-speaking lithuania women populations of Northern Europe. Y-chromosome SNP haplogroup analysis confirmed Lithuanians to be closest to fellow Balts (Latvians), Estonians, Belarusians and Finnish people.
Lithuanian “Šviesos konversija” (Light Conversion) has developed a femtosecond laser system that has eighty% marketshare worldwide, and is used in DNA research, ophthalmological surgeries, nanotech trade and science. Vilnius University Laser Research Center has developed one of the highly effective femtosecond lasers in the world dedicated primarily to oncological illnesses.
These three counties account for 70% of the GDP with just 60% of the population. In 5 counties (those of Alytus, Marijampolė, Panevėžys, Šiauliai and Tauragė), GDP per capita remains to be below eighty% of the national average. Lithuanian laser corporations had been among the many first ones on the earth to switch basic analysis into manufacturing.
Unit No. 1 was closed in December 2004, as a situation of Lithuania’s entry into the European Union; Unit No. 2 was closed down on 31 December 2009. Proposals have been made to assemble a new – Visaginas Nuclear Power Plant in Lithuania. However, a non-binding referendum held in October 2012 clouded the prospects for the Visaginas project, as 63% of voters said no to a brand new nuclear energy plant.
In 2017, there have been sixty three,846 crimes registered in Lithuania. Of these, thefts comprised a large half with 19,630 instances (13.2% less than in 2016). While 2,835 crimes were very onerous and onerous (crimes that may result in more than six years imprisonment), which is 14.5% lower than in 2016.
Having taken benefit of favorable international developments, and driven by its international coverage aims directed in opposition to Lithuanian statehood, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) occupied Lithuania in 1940. Land and an important objects for the financial system had been nationalized, and many of the farms collectivized. Jus after one yr of occupation, poverty stage, uneployment elevated dramatically, lack of food merchandise appeared.
It enjoyed excessive development rates after becoming a member of the European Union along with the opposite Baltic states, resulting in the notion of a Baltic Tiger. Lithuania’s economy (GDP) grew more than 500 percent since regaining independence in 1990. Half of the workforce within the Baltic states – 3.three million live in Lithuania – 1.4 million. At the tip of the 19th century a Lithuanian cultural and linguistic revival occurred.
Lithuania declared independence after World War I, which helped its nationwide consolidation. However, the eastern parts of Lithuania, including the Vilnius Region, have been annexed by Poland, whereas the Klaipėda Region was taken over by Nazi Germany in 1939.
“Lietuvos automobilių kelių direkcija prie Susisiekimo ministerijos”. Biographical Dictionary of Central and Eastern Europe within the Twentieth Century. “Ponary – Golgota Wileńszczyzny (Ponary – the Golgotha of Wilno)” (in Polish). Konspekt nº 5, Winter 2000–01, Academy of Pedagogy in Kraków.
Lithuania —172.82cm (5 feet eight.03 inches)
After the restoration of Lithuania’s independence in 1990, the Aplinkos apsaugos įstatymas (Environmental Protection Act) was adopted already in 1992. Lithuania agreed to chop carbon emissions by a minimum of 20% of 1990 ranges by the yr 2020 and by a minimum of forty% by the year 2030, together with all European Union members. Also, by 2020 at least 20% (27% by 2030) of nation’s complete vitality consumption should be from the renewable power sources. In 2016, Lithuania introduced especially effective container deposit laws, which resulted in collecting 92% of all packagings in 2017.
Lithuania and PolandBad blood
The forex of Lithuania, the Lithuanian litas, was introduced. As Lithuania started to achieve stability, foreign nations started to acknowledge it. Before it might totally get well, Lithuania was ravaged during the Great Northern War (1700–1721).
An extraordinary determine in the cultural life of Lithuania within the 16th century was the lawyer and poet of Spanish origin Petrus Roysius Maurus Alcagnicensis (around 1505 – 1571). The publicist, lawyer, and mayor of Vilnius, Augustinus Rotundus (around ) wrote a not existent history of Lithuania in Latin around the yr 1560. loannes Radvanus, a humanist poet of the second half of the sixteenth century, wrote an epic poem imitating the Aeneid of Vergil. His Radivilias, meant to turn into the Lithuanian nationwide epic, was published in Vilnius in 1588.